W319 WholeGenome Comparisons of Fragaria, Prunus and Malus Reveal Different Modes of Evolution Between Rosaceous Subfamilies

Date: Saturday, January 14, 2012
Time: 11:25 AM
Room: Pacific Salon 3
Sook Jung , Washington State University
Alessandro Cestaro , Istituto Agrario San Michele all’Adige
Michela Troggio , IASMA Research and Innovation Centre, Foundation Edmund Mach, Dept. of Genomics and Crop Biology, San Michele all'Adige , Italy
Dorrie Main , Washington State University
Ping Zheng , Washington State University
Il-Hyung Cho , Saginaw Valley State University, University Center, MI
Kevin M. Folta , University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
Bryon Sosinski , NC State University, Raleigh, NC
Albert G. Abbott , Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Jean-Marc Celton , 6UMR Génétique et Horticulture (GenHort), INRA ⁄ Agrocampus-ouest ⁄ Université d’Angers
Pere Arus , IRTA-Consortium CSIC-IRTA-UAB-UB. Centre of Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG), Barcelona, Spain
Vladimir Shulaev , University of North Texas, Denton, TX
Ignazio Verde , CRA - Fruit Tree Research Center, Roma, Italy
Michele Morgante , Universita Di Udine, Udine, Italy
Dan Rokhsar , DOE Joint Genome Institute, Walnut Creek, CA
Riccardo Velasco , IASMA Research and Innovation center, Foundation E. Mach, Dept. of Genomics and Crop Biology, San Michele all'Adige, Italy
Dan Sargent , FEM-IASMA, San Michele all'Adige, Italy
Whole genome sequence of three economically important crop species, peach, apple and strawberry, which belong to different genera of the Rosaceae family, have been analyzed to study the evolutionary history. The analysis identified 1399 orthologous regions in three genomes with the mean length of the regions around 100 kb. Each peach chromosome showed major orthology mostly to one strawberry chromosome, but to more than two apple chromosomes, suggesting apple genome went through more chromosomal fission event in addition to the whole genome duplication (WGD) in apple after the divergence of the three genera. On the other hand, the distribution of contiguous ancestral regions suggested that Fragaria genome went through a greater number of small scale rearrangements compared to other genomes. Using the contiguous ancestral regions, we reconstructed hypothetical ancestral genome for Rosaceae with nine chromosomes and the evolutionary steps from the ancestral genome to Fragaria, Prunus and Malus lineage. Our analysis shows that different mode of evolution may have played major roles in different subfamilies of Rosaceae.