Date: Tuesday, January 17, 2012
Time: 4:30 PM
Time: 4:30 PM
Room: Pacific Salon 4-5 (2nd Floor)
Soybeans are known to be sensitive to flooding stress. Flooding at the reproductive stage can reduce soybean yield by 50 to 56%. However, screening efforts have resulted in the identification of genotypes differing in susceptibility to flooding. The flooding tolerant genotype PI408105A showed only a 32.1% reduction in yield compared to 81.2% reduction in the flooding sensitive breeding line S99-2281. An F7:8 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population that segregates for flooding tolerance was developed from a cross of PI408105A x S99-2281. To investigate the root traits associated with flooding tolerance we conducted a greenhouse experiment with 200 RILs. Flooding treatment was applied at the early vegetative stage for 10 days. At the end of the flooding treatment plants were rated for adventitious formation using a scale from 1 to 5 with 1 = less than 3 adventitious roots; 3 = 3-6 adventitious roots; and 5 = more than 6 adventitious roots. Roots were transferred to nail boards to preserve the root architect during root washing. Root photos were taken and the roots and shoots were dried for biomass determination. Maximum and total root length and root distribution were determined using the WinRhizo software. The experiment was repeated four times. PI408105A plants produced 32% more adventitious roots and 74% more root biomass than S99-2281 plants. Transgressive segregation was detected for both root traits. QTL for root traits associated with flooding tolerance of soybean will be presented.