P0284 TriticeaeGenome: Genomics for Triticeae improvement

Emmanuelle Lagendijk , INRA Transfert, Paris, France
Catherine Feuillet , INRA GDEC, Clermont-Ferrand, France
Alan H. Schulman , MTT/BI Plant Genomics Laboratory, Instiitute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
The TriticeaeGenome European FP7 project (2008- 2012) brings together top European laboratories studying wheat and barley to develop the genomic knowledge and tools needed to create new varieties that can meet the challenges facing agriculture. In the past three years, the main results have been:
  • The construction of publicly available BAC libraries for wheat chromosomes 3B, 3DS, 3DL, 1AS, 1AL, 1BS and 1BL.
  • A sequence–ready physical map of chromosome 3B with a sequencing project launched and the first physical maps for chromosomes 3DS, 3DL, 1AS, 1AL, 1BS and 1BL
  • Next Gen Sequencing of sorted chromosomes for marker development and comparative analyses
  • Markers collected in a TG database for anchoring wheat and barley maps
  • High resolution mapping populations for anchoring and a 376 wheat varieties association panel
  • Genetic intervals around four target genes reduced to less than 1 cM
  • A new and more robust algorithm (LTC) for  physical map assembly
  • An automated pipeline for genome sequence annotation
  • Communication of TG results in 176 conferences (>65 000 people) and a website (www.triticeaegenome.eu).

TG is delivering novel information and tools to breeders and scientists for a better understanding of the Triticeae genomes organization, evolution, and function and thereby provide a better understanding of the biology of these essential crops, enabling significant improvement of their composition and characteristics to satisfy the needs of European consumers, processors and producers.