Thirty-three maintainer and restorer lines from five countries for CMS PET-1, and 20 tester lines from USDA-ARS-NCSL failed to restore fertility suggesting CMS 514A is different than CMS PET-1. Five tetraploid interspecific amphiploids and one hexaploid Helianthus accession were crossed to CMS 514A, with only one amphiploid of H. angustifolius / P 21 containing the Rf gene. Male-fertile plants with 2n=35 and 2n=34 were obtained after backcrossing. Genetic study suggested that the Rf gene was located on the extra H. angustifolius chromosome. Molecular mapping with SSR and EST-SSR markers located this Rf gene on LG 3 of the public sunflower SSR map, with the closest marker ORS13 at 2.8 cM. This study provides a new CMS/Rf gene system, which will expand the diversity of sunflower germplasm, and help to understand the mechanism of the interaction between cytoplasmic and nuclear genes.