Degraded DNA and Paleogenomics

Though the first DNA sequences from an extinct organism were first extracted nearly 30 years ago, the revolution in sequencing technology has recently allowed for the retrieval and characterization of ancient organisms dating back more than 50,000 years. This new capability has not only confirmed ancient admixture between humans and Neanderthals, but it has also revealed the existence of an entirely new human lineage, the Denisovans. Access to the complete nuclear genomes of long dead organisms is rewriting our understanding of evolution and taxonomic relationships. In addition, these insights are revealing the time scale over which mutations have appeared that differentiate, for example, wild and domestic plants and animals. This session will attract a number of leading ancient DNA experts to discuss their recent findings across a wide range of biological organisms and outstanding questions.
Date: Sunday, January 12, 2014
Time: 1:30 PM-3:40 PM
Room: Town and Country
Greger Larson
1:30 PM
Detecting Barriers to Gene Flow Among Extinct Populations
Beth Shapiro, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz

1:50 PM
Analysis of Ancient and Recent Canid Genomes
Robert Wayne, University of California - Los Angeles

2:10 PM
Cattle and Codices, aDNA in Bones and Parchment
Daniel G. Bradley, Trinity College Dublin

3:10 PM
Genomic Analyses of the Caribbean Mammal Fauna
Ian Barnes, Natural History Museum; Selina Brace, Natural History Museum; Sam Turvey, Institute of Zoology; Jessica Thomas, University of York

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