Bioenergy ­- Towards Increasing Oil in Nonseed Biomass

Although significant focus has been given to engineering plants for enhanced cellulose and reduced lignin content for ethanol production, challenges remain in meeting the rapidly growing demand for biofuels. As an alternative, crops might be developed to accumulate higher amounts of oils in nonseed biomass, which then can be harvested for the recovery of oil and cellulose products for biofuel production. Various molecular approaches, including transcriptomics, have been taken to understand the regulatory mechanism of oil biosynthesis in oil-rich nonseed tissues. Furthermore, important strategies that alter fatty acid metabolism to favor oil accumulation have been developed and plants have been engineered successfully to produce oil-rich leaves. This workshop will address how to increase oil-content in nonseed biomass for bioenergy purpose, and discuss the implications and challenges for producing oils in biomass.
Date: Tuesday, January 13, 2015
Time: 4:00 PM-6:10 PM
Room: Towne - Meeting House
Aruna Kilaru
4:22 PM
Comparative Transcriptomics Identifies Key Steps in Storage Oil Biosynthesis in Plant Tissues
Aruna Kilaru, East Tennessee State University; John Ohlrogge, Michigan State University

4:40 PM
Ectopic Expression of WRI1 Affects Fatty Acid Homeostasis in Brachypodium distachyon Vegetative Tissues
Yang Yang, Michigan State University, GLBRC; Jack Munz, Illinois State University and GLBRC; Cynthia L. Cass, Illinois State University and GLBRC; John C. Sedbrook, Illinois State University, GLBRC; Christoph Benning, Michigan State University, GLBRC

4:58 PM
Towards the Development of Sustainable Feedstocks for Renewable Biobased Products: The Case for Sugarcane and Sweet Sorghum
Thomas E Clemente, University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Fredy Altpeter, University of Florida - IFAS; Stephen Long, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; John Shanklin, Brookhaven National Lab; Aleel Grennan, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Don Ort, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Stephen P. Moose, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

5:16 PM
Vegetative Production of Oil Targeted for High Biomass Crops
Jos van Boxtel, Arcadia Biosciences; Changquan Wang, UC Davis; Gia Fazio, Arcadia Biosciences; Quyen Lam, Arcadia Biosciences; Cade Guthrie, UC Davis; Derrick Hicks, UC Davis; Cassie Hilder, Arcadia Biosciences; Vic Knauf, Arcadia Biosciences; Katayoon Dehesh, UC Davis

5:34 PM
Metabolic Engineering for Increasing Oil in Vegetative Plant Tissues
Olga Yurchenko, US Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center; Jay Shockey, USDA-ARS, Southern Regional Research Center; Sunjung Park, US Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center; Satinder Gidda, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph; Kent Chapman, Department of Biological Sciences, University of North Texas; Robert Mullen, Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph; John Dyer, US Arid-Land Agricultural Research Center

5:52 PM
Maximizing TAG Accumulation in Plant Leaves by Combinatorial Metabolic Engineering
Thomas Vanhercke, CSIRO Agriculture Flagship; James Petrie, CSIRO Agriculture Flagship; Allan Green, CSIRO Food and Nutrition Flagship; Surinder Singh, CSIRO Agriculture Flagship

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