Genomics-Assisted Breeding

About the workshop:

In recent years, a truly impressive number of advances in genetics and genomics have greatly enhanced our understanding of structural and functional aspects of plant genomes. The complete genome sequences have become available for many crop species now. Due to advances in next generation sequencing technologies, it is possible to re-sequence mapping populations as well as germplasm collections. In addition to routinely used linkage mapping and marker-assisted selection (MAS) approaches, several novel genetic and genomics tools/approaches such as genome-wide association studies (GWAS), marker-assisted recurrent selection (MARS), genomic selection (GS), allele mining using TILLING or EcoTILLING, transcriptomics and functional genomics, genetical genomics offer the possibilities to examine and utilize the structural as well as functional genetic variation in crop breeding. Holistic approach of enhancing the prediction of the phenotype from a genotype using genomics tools/approaches has been termed as 'genomics assisted breeding' (GAB) (Varshney et al. 2005, Trends Plant Sci 10: 621 630). In fact, genomics assisted breeding has already shown its potential for crop improvement in several cereal species (Varshney et al. 2006, Trends Biotech 24:490-499) and also in few legume species (Thudi et al. 2010, Plant Breeding Rev 33:257-304).

A critical assessment of the status and availability of genomic resources and genomics research in crop plant species and devising the strategies and approaches for effectively exploiting genomics research for crop improvement is the main objective of this workshop. Genomics specialists having extensive experience in applying genomics in breeding from both public and private sectors share their experience and propose novel ideas in this workshop to use GAB in an efficient manner.

Rajeev Kumar Varshney(ICRISAT/GCP)
Date: Tuesday, January 17, 2012
Time: 10:20 AM-12:30 PM
Room: Town and Country
Rajeev Kumar Varshney
10:20 AM
Welcome & Introduction (Rajeev Kumar Varshney)

10:25 AM
From seed to lab to farm: the story of Submergence tolerant rice
Pamela Ronald, University of California - Davis

10:45 AM
High throughput marker development from the repetitive fraction of the wheat genome
Nelly Cubizolles, INRA GDEC; Christel Laugier, INRA GDEC; Anna-Maria Mastrangelo, Centro di Ricerca per la Cerealicoltura; Frederic Choulet, INRA GDEC; Pierre Sourdille, INRA GDEC; François Balfourier, INRA GDEC; Delphine Hourcade, Arvalis; Bertrand Huguenin-Bizot, Arvalis; Jean-Baptiste Pierre, Arvalis; Laurent Guerreiro, Arvalis; Jan Gielen, Syngenta Seeds ; Jean-Pierre Jaubertie, AgriObtentions ; Peter Jack, RAGT Seeds ; Olivier Robert, Florimond Desprez ; Viktor Korzun, KWS LOCHOW GMBH; Pieter Ouwerkerk, Bayer Bioscience NV; Catherine Feuillet, INRA GDEC; Etienne Paux, INRA GDEC

11:05 AM
Natural Genetic Variation at Tan1 Defines Tannin in Sorghum Grain and Offers Seedling Cold Tolerance
Yuye Wu, Kansas State University; Xianran Li, Kansas State University; Wenwen Xiang, Kansas State University; Chengsong Zhu, Kansas State University; Zhongwei Lin, Kansas State University; Yun Wu, Kansas State University; Jiarui Li, Kansas State University; Guihua Bai, USDA-Kansas State universtiy; Scott Bean, USDA-ARS; Ming Li Wang, USDA-ARS, PGRCU; Harold Trick, Kansas State University; Mitch Tuinstra, Purdue University; Tesfaye Tesso, Kansas State University; Jianming Yu, Kansas State University

11:25 AM
Whole genome association mapping in barley: constraints and opportunities
Andreas Graner, Leibniz- Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK)

11:45 AM
Some methodological developments in genomic selection
Jean-Luc Jannink, USDA-ARS; Yi Jia, Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University; Nicolas Heslot, Cornell University; Deniz Akdemir, Cornell University; Jeffrey Endelman, Cornell University; Jessica Rutkoski, Cornell University

12:05 PM
Applications of Genome Sequencing for Peanut Improvement
Lutz Froenicke, UC Davis Genome Center; Christopher Beitel, University of California, Davis; Manish K Pandey, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT); Hari D. Upadhyaya, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, 502324, Hyderabad; Márcio C. Moretzsohn, Embrapa Recursos Genéticos e Biotecnologia; Patricia Messenberg Guimaraes, Fundacao Arthur FUNARBE -; Soraya C M Leal-Bertioli, Embrapa Genetic Resources&Biotech; Rajeev Kumar Varshney, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT); David John Bertioli, University of Brasilia; Richard Michelmore, UC Davis Genome Center

12:25 PM
Summary & Wrap-up (Rajeev Kumar Varshney)

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